Vedas are the most ancient scriptures known to mankind. All Hindus follow Vedic principles in essence, but Arya Samaj stresses on the practical interpretation of Vedic scriptures. Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati initially introduced 10 basic guiding principles of Arya Samaj. These principles are universal and not for followers of Dayanand only . They based on the teachings of Vedas lay down guidelines for the entire human race irrespective of the place of residence/country, they provide a moderate and realistic view of life.
The Ten Principles of ARYA SAMAJ
- 1God is the primary cause of all true knowledge (science) and of all that can be known through it.
- 2God is existent, intelligent and blissful. He is formless, omniscient, just, merciful, unborn, endless, unchangeable, beginning-less, unequalled, the support of all, the master of all, omnipresent, imminent, immortal, fearless, eternal and holy, and the Creator of all. He alone is worthy of being worshiped.
- 3The Vedas are scriptures of true knowledge. It is the duty of all Arya to read them, teach them, hear them being read and recite them to others.
- 4We should always be ready to accept the truth and give up untruth.
- 5All action should be performed in conformity with Dharma, that is, after deliberating what is right and wrong.
- 6The prime object of the Arya Samaj is benevolence of the world, that is, to promote physical, spiritual and social good of everyone.
- 7Our conduct towards all should be guided by love, righteousness and justice.
- 8We should aim at dispelling ignorance and promoting knowledge.
- 9One should not only be content with one’s own welfare, but should look for it in the welfare for others also.
- 10One should regard oneself under restriction to follow the rules of society calculated to promote the well being of all, while in following the rules of individual welfare all should be free.