India was under bondage for a long period of time. Despite gaining independence, the influence of the foreign culture remained in our society. Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, the late Prime Minister of India, expressed his concern about the need to uplift the residents of backwards areas. The origin of Akhil Bharatiya Dayanand Sewashram Sangh has been influenced by the thoughts of Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, who realized that India was facing enormous problemsof intolerance. Inspired by his thoughts, Shri Om Prakash Tyagi, Shri Prithvi Raj Shastri, Lala Ram Gopal and others founded the Akhil Bharatiya Dayanand Sewashram Sangh, a voluntary non-governmental organization in 1968, to help overcome the inequity, intolerance and to educate the deprived residents of these areas, especially the rural hinterlands. People in these rural hinterlands live in conditions of depravity and have no access to development conditions. The organization prospered and expanded under the leadership of Late Mata Premlata Shastri and assumed a large socially active profile under her.
The work of the organization first started in Assam and Nagaland with a lot of enthusiasm. The movement gradually spread to Odisha, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
The backwardness of these areas promotes breeding of anti-national, Maoist and Terrorist ideologies amongst individuals of these regions. The states of Assam, Mizoram, Manipur and Nagaland have seen many anti-national uprisings. States like Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bengal and Bihar have seen a rise in Maoist militancy. Ever since its inception, the Akhil Bharatiya Dayanand Sewashram Sangh has worked to setup educational, social, health, cultural and economic facilities in these backward areas of India.